OBEi1 Deep Marine

Product Documents

The OBEi1 Deep Marine is a state-of-the-art ocean-bottom electrical imager. A remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) carries the OBEi1 and is pulled behind a boat with a cable system at roughly one kilometer in depth. The cable—which typically spans approximately 1 kilometer behind the ROV—uses a Kevlar-strength member, water block inner seal, and rugged marine jacket. The OBEi1 sensor has 56 AGI graphite electrodes (US patent 6,674,286) available in custom spacings.

Despite extreme pressure and salt water, the system is able to operate for extended periods of time, while imaging 150-200 meters below the mudline, without electrode fouling or downtime. Compared to high-powered TDEM and other electrical methods, the OBEi1 design is affordable to deploy.

 

Use Cases:

The OBEi1 has been designed specifically for oceanic applications, including geohazard research, sediment research, fracture imaging, and mineral, oil and gas exploration. Here are a few additional applications where the OBEi1 excels:

Subsurface Geotechnical Site Investigation For Oil Platforms:

Oil rigs are anchored for safety into the subbottom which is often composed of soft sediments like silt and clay. Methane gas from deep beneath the rig may build up near the anchor points causing them to become structurally unsound, creating a potentially disastrous situation. With the OBEi1 Deep Marine, oil companies can mitigate this issue before it happens and ensure that their platforms are well-anchored into the seafloor.

Gas Hydrate Exploration:

Methane coexists with oil reservoirs in the ocean below the sea surface. When this methane pushes its way through the salt dome (due to its lower density than the surrounding rock formations), the oil and gas travels up to form a gas hydrate deposit inside and below the mudline of the seafloor. These reservoirs leak constantly, and as the methane bubbles up toward the surface, it freezes below and inside the mudline, forming an ice known as gas hydrate. If the temperature line where gas hydrate forms varies even a degree, enormous volumes of methane can be released around the world. This would cause potentially harmful climate change, one of the major concerns with global warming.

Scientists want to better understand how gas hydrate works—but to do so, they need to enlist the help of imaging methods such as the OBEi1 Deep Marine. Using the OBEi1, they’re able map where these pockets of gas and methane are held so they can continue to monitor the changes to the freezing point of the gas hydrate and learn more about this potential greenhouse gas emitter.

 

Product Features:

The OBEi1 Deep Marine features two modes of operation:

  • 2D Trawling, which supports continuous 2D electrical imaging:

    • Operate down to one kilometer in depth (rated to 1.5 kilometers).

    • Three-second transmission cycle to collect eight channels.

    • Sub-bottom imaging supports the Dipole-Dipole, Gradient, and StrongGradient™ arrays.

    • Trawl at 5-10 knots (dependent on electrode spacing).

    • The CRP (continuous-resistivity profiling) EarthImager™ 2D module allows for continuous inversion models of any length.

  • 2D Stationary, which supports high-resolution stationary 2D and 3D ocean-bottom electrical imaging:

    • Operate down to one kilometer in depth (rated to 1.5 kilometers).

    • Sub-bottom imaging supports the Dipole-Dipole, Gradient, and StrongGradient™ arrays.

    • Typical depth penetration is 10-20% (for the Dipole-Dipole array) of electrode sensor spread length but will vary depending on the array used.

 

Transmitter Specification:

  • 400-Volt

  • 2000 mA Output

  • 200-Watt Power
OBEI (Ocean Bottom Electrical Imaging)
OBEI (Ocean Bottom Electrical Imaging)
OBEI (Ocean Bottom Electrical Imaging)
Deep Sea Towing Cable with Graphite Electrodes
OBEI (Ocean Bottom Electrical Imaging)

Product Documents

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