Blog | Advanced Geosciences Inc

The Exploration Of Aggregate Materials Using Geotechnical Techniques

Posted by markus on Nov 16, 2016

Aggregate materials—like sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete—provide bulk and strength to concrete or asphalt. Large aggregate quarries and sand and gravel pits are located around most populated areas because of the high cost of transporting aggregate. (In fact, the cost of transportation from the mine to the consumer may even be higher than the actual cost of the aggregate.)

There are many different types of aggregate materials found in various geographic locations:

  • Alluvial deposits are clay, sand and gravel beds deposited by flowing water. These...

When & Why To Use ASTM G57 For Soil Testing

Posted by markus on Nov 15, 2016

The ASTM G57 standard (also known as the four-pin Wenner method) is used to determine the properties of soil. 

Soil tests can be performed in many ways and for a number of reasons.

  • In agricultural applications, a soil test may be useful for analyzing nutrients and moisture content.
  • In environmental analysis, soil testing is used to detect hazardous material present in the ground.
  • In geotechnical investigations, soil tests may involve cone penetrometer tests to examine certain soil properties.
  • In laboratory settings, soil tests are performed to...

Behind The Scenes Of Groundwater Exploration With Electrical Resistivity

Posted by markus on Nov 14, 2016

Early Methods Of Groundwater Exploration

To best understand how electrical resistivity surveys for groundwater exploration work today, it’s important to understand where resistivity testing began. 

Brothers Conrad and Marcel Schlumberger performed the very first investigation of how electrical current moves through the ground and what you can detect using an electrical resistivity survey in the early 1900s. From their research came what is now one of the most common methods of groundwater exploration, vertical electrical sounding (VES).

VES uses four electrodes...

Marine Resistivity Surveys: Breaking Down The Benefits & Use Cases

Posted by markus on Nov 10, 2016

Having an accurate image of the subsurface beneath a body of water is beneficial in myriad use cases, including: 

  • Determining sub-bottom geology for dredging purposes or communication cable lay-out.
  • Monitoring leakage or mapping sediments in a dam.
  • Mapping freshwater and saltwater interfaces near shorelines or offshore.
  • Characterizing estuary boundaries.
  • Measuring water column salinity variations.
  • Mapping underwater mineral exploration.
  • Locating freshwater springs at sea.
  • Determining sediment load (dredging survey...

An Overview Of The IEEE Standard 81 Fall-Of-Potential Grounding Test

Posted by markus on Sep 28, 2016

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standard 81-2012 “Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System”, suggests the fall-of-potential grounding test to be used to evaluate the capacity of an electrical grounding system—it is often used by subcontractors to power engineers. 

Why is the IEEE Standard 81 fall-of-potential grounding test important?

Grounding tests are mainly used at lightning protection systems, electrical substations, and industrial sites where expensive machinery needs to be...

How To Test For Land Subsidence Before Breaking Ground

Posted by markus on Sep 12, 2016

Land subsidence is the act of land moving downward, or subsiding. In many cases, land subsidence can signify the formation of a sinkhole, which you can read about in this article. Land subsidence could also signify the presence of an expansive clay. 

To understand the need for land subsidence testing and monitoring, think of the need for both MRIs and X-rays. Just because a patient says his shoulder hurts doesn’t mean a...

The 7 Most Common Signs Of Sinkholes & How To Test For Them

Posted by markus on Sep 12, 2016

One way that sinkholes form is when water in the atmosphere reacts with carbon dioxide and forms a weak carbonic acid. As the slightly acidic rainwater moves through fissures in the limestone, it begins to dissolve and widens the fissures—which eventually creates air or water filled pockets. When those pockets become expansive, they’re called “caves” or “voids.” This is a common natural phenomenon in limestone or dolomite known as karstification—but it can be dangerous, expensive, and life-threatening when the ceiling of a void weakens and caves in. This is known as a “sinkhole.” 


Electrical Resistivity: Everything You Need To Know

Posted by markus on Sep 12, 2016

At the most basic level, electrical resistivity (ER) (as used in geophysics) is the measurement of ground variations gathered by applying a small and highly controlled electric current across an array of electrodes.

Electrical resistivity imaging (ERI)—also known as electrical resistivity tomography (ERT)—is a geophysical technique used to create an image of a specific portion of the Earth’s subsurface. It is created through the use of automated geophysical instruments that gather thousands of resistivity measurements via an electrode cable and multiple electrodes.

In this...