Wenner Array: Electrical Resistivity Methods, Part 1

Electrode arrays are different arrangements of electrodes used to perform geophysical resistivity measurements. Electrode arrays were developed in order to make field measurements more efficient and data interpretation easier. In this series, we’ll explore 11 electrode arrays. The first array we’ll discuss is the Wenner array.

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Vertical Electrical Sounding for Geotechnical Site Characterization


The site borehole information demonstrates that the sediments are sitting on the top of Ignimbrite and there is also fractured Ignimbrite weathered with the content of clay is located at the bottom. 


The study was made to determine the sedimentary thicknesses as well as to obtain the contact between high resistivity values associated to Ignimbrite and low resistivity values associated with Ignimbrite fractured and weathered with the content of clays. 


An Overview Of The Self-Potential (Spontaneous-Potential) Method

Before we dive into details, let’s start with a primer on three different terms that are abbreviated “SP.” In this article, we’ll be discussing self-potential, which is synonymous with spontaneous-potential. The self-potential method in geophysics refers to an electrical surveying method used for looking at electrical anomalies in the ground. It is primarily used in mineral exploration. Streaming-potential, on the other hand, is caused by a fluid —typically water with dissolved minerals (an electrolyte)—moving in the ground, which causes a change in voltage.